Charles W. Kegley | Eugene R. Wittkopf (автори)
|Издателство:||St. Martin's Press|
|Раздел:||Социология и политология|
Мека корица, голям формат | 681 стр. | 921 гр.
(неизползвана, здрава и чиста книга с леко захабен външен вид)
Has American foreign policy changed since 1945? If so, how, and with what consequences? What are the sources of American foreign policy? Do these sources promote policy change or inhibit it? These are the principal questions we seek to answer in American Foreign Policy: Pattern and Process.
The years since publication of the first edition of this book in 1979 have been turbulent ones for the United States. Many of the challenges the nation has faced seemed to call into question the wisdom of the conventional assumptions that have governed America's approach to the world since World War II. Yet, despite these challenges and the policy debates and adjustments they have stimulated, American foreign policy continues to be characterized by continuity. The thesis of the first edition of the book—that both the ends sought by American foreign policy makers and the means through which they have been pursued have become deeply entrenched patterns that have undergone only remedial adjustments over the course of several decades—remains a compelling interpretation. Indeed, time continues to deal generously with it.
How does one account for such policy continuity? To probe this question, we continue in this edition of American Foreign Policy: Pattern and Process to utilize the pre-theoretical framework of the previous editions, which maintains that five factors—international, societal, governmental, role, and individual— collectively influence foreign policy objectives and the means chosen to realize them. The pre-theoretical framework organizes examination of both the international and domestic sources of American action abroad, and explores the linkages between political institutions and policy formulation processes, on the one hand, and policy outcomes, on the other. The framework thus facilitates an examination of the past diplomatic record and provides a basis for anticipating the future. In speculating about the future in the concluding chapter of the book, we are encouraged by the fact that many of the predictions advanced in the first and second editions have proven accurate, including especially the evidence that the foreign policy of the Reagan administration has reaffirmed the postwar pattern of American foreign policy rather than deviating from it. Indeed, the events of the past decade have lent credence to the book's thesis and attest to the utility of the theoretical framework which structures and informs the analysis.
Although the thematic thrust and organizational framework of the earlier editions have been preserved, numerous changes have been made in this edition. The evidence has been thoroughly updated and new literature incorporated, and the coverage of several topics has been revised and expanded, while that of others has been shortened or dropped. Readers familiar with the first two editions of the book will quickly notice that the discussion of the instruments of American foreign policy has been expanded with the addition of a new chapter focused on national security policy (chapter five). We continue to maintain the sixteen chapter format by merging into a single chapter (thirteen) the treatment of role sources of American foreign policy. Other changes are spread throughout the book. They include examination of the challenge of international terrorism; the American foreign policy response to the Third World debt crisis; and treatment of the impact of the electronic media on public attitudes toward foreign policy. The role of the United States in the global food regime has been elaborated, while the coverage of its role and stake in the global oil regime, so prevalent an issue demanding of detailed analysis when the previous editions of the book were published, has been reduced. The retreat from multilateralism evident in the policies of the Reagan administration is addressed in a variety of contexts, and the discussion of alternative interpretations of American foreign policy patterns has been sharpened and focused more clearly. Other changes are evident throughout, but undiminished is our commitment to relate the five sources of American foreign policy to its durable tenets captured in the themes of globalism, anticommunism, containment, military strength, and interventionism.
Many people have contributed to the development of the book and its evolution over nearly a decade. As the list of those to whom we are indebted continues to grow beyond those who were explicitly acknowledged in the first and second editions, we run the risk of slighting some in our desire to thank all. William A. Clark, Mark J. DeHaven, Lucia Wren Rawls, and Barry Rich deserve special thanks for their contributions to the onerous technical tasks associated with production of this edition. Others who have contributed in some special way to our thinking or who have otherwise made important contributions to the book as it has evolved over a decade now number in the dozens. We thank you collectively. Our appreciation is in no way diminished by this impersonal expression of our gratitude.
We also express our appreciation to Jean Smith, Peter Dougherty, Richard Steins, and Emily Berleth, our taskmasters at St. Martin's Press, for their continued enthusiam for the book; to James B. Holderman and Albert Clubok, our valued colleagues and friends at our respective institutions, for their personal support for our scholarly endeavors; and to our wives, Pamela and Barbara, to whom the book is dedicated.
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