Теория на игрите и експериментални игри: Изследването на стратегическото взаимодействие (книга на английски език)
Andrew Colman (автор)
|Поредица:||International Series in Experimental Social Psychology Volume 4|
Твърда корица, голям формат | 301 стр. | 576 гр.
(неизползвана, здрава и чиста, отчислена от библиотека книга с леко захабен външен вид)
Introduction to the Series
(International Series in Experimental Social Psychology)
Social psychology is in a very interesting period, and one of rapid development. It has survived a number of "crises", there is increased concern with external validity and relevance to the real world, the repertoire of research methods and statistical procedures has been greatly extended, and a number of exciting new ideas and approaches are being tried out.
The books in this series present some of these new developments; each volume contains a balance of new material and a critical review of the relevant literature. The new material consists of empirical research, research procedures, theoretical formulations, or a combination of these. Authors have been asked to review and evaluate the often very extensive past literature, and to explain their new findings, methods or theories clearly.
The authors are from all over the world, and have been very carefully chosen, mainly on the basis of their previous published work, showing the importance and originality of their contribution, and their ability to present it clearly. Some of these books report a programme of research by one individual or a team, some are based on doctoral theses, others on conferences.
Social psychologists have moved into an increasing number of applied fields, and a growing number of practitioners have made use of our work. All the books in this series will have some practical application, some will be on topics of wide popular interest, as well as adding to scientific knowledge. The books in the series are designed for advanced undergraduates, graduate students and relevant practitioners, and in some cases for a rather broader public.
We do not know how social psychology will develop, and it takes quite a variety of forms already. However, it is a great pleasure to be associated with books by some of those social psychologists who are developing the subject in such interesting ways.
The primary aim of this book is to provide a critical survey of the essential ideas of game theory and the findings of experimental research on strategic interaction. In addition, I have reported some new experiments using lifelike simulations of familiar kinds of strategic interactions, and included discussions of recent applications of game theory to the study of voting, the theory of evolution, and moral philosophy. The time has (alas) long since passed when a single person could reasonably hope to be an expert on all branches of game theory or on all of its applications, and I have not achieved the impossible. But I thought it worthwhile, nonetheless, to aim for a fairly comprehensive coverage of important topics, with particular emphasis on those which seem to be most relevant to naturally occurring strategic interactions.
Game theory and the experimental gaming tradition have grown up in relative isolation from each other. Game theorists, in general, remain largely oblivious of the empirical studies that have been inspired by the theory, and experimental investigators have tended to assume that the nuts and bolts of the theory do not concern them. Both parties are the losers from this divorce, and I have therefore tried to contribute towards a reconciliation by examining in detail, for the first time in a single volume, both sides of the story.
My goal has been to introduce and evaluate the fundamental theoretical ideas, empirical findings, and applications as clearly as possible without over-simplifying or side-stepping important difficulties. In so far as I have succeeded, this is the kind of book I should have liked to have read when I first became interested in game theory and experimental games, or better still, before I had developed any interest in these matters. Wherever possible, I have attributed seminal contributions to their originators and cited the original sources: ideas are almost invariably expressed more clearly and forcefully by their inventors or discoverers than by subsequent commentators. But I have also cited many useful review articles which will be of assistance to readers wishing to pursue particular topics in depth.
The most important chapters for social psychologists and others whose primary interest is in such strategic phenomena as cooperation, competition, collective equilibria, self-defeating effects of individual rationality, coalition formation, threats, altruism, spite, escalation, social entrapment, and so forth, are Chapters 1,2, 3, 6, 7, 8, and 9. Mathematically inclined readers should pay special attention to Chapters 4, 8,10, and 11, and to Appendix A in which the minimax theorem is rigorously proved. The chapters which are most relevant to sociology, economics, and politics are Chapters 1, 2, 6, 8, 10, and 11. Biological applications are discussed in Chapter 12, but Chapters 1, 2, 6, and 8 provide a necessary background to it. Philosophical applications are dealt with primarily in Chapter 13, to which Chapters 1,2,6, 8, and 12 provide the necessary background. Most of the translations from original French and German sources in Chapter 13 and elsewhere are my own.
I am indebted to a number of people who contributed to this book in various indirect ways. In particular, I am grateful to Michael Argyle, Alan Baker, Barbara Barrett, Dorothy Brydges, Roy Davies, Julia Gibbs, Gabriele Griffin, John Lazarus, Nicholas Measor, Richard Niemi, Ian Pountney, Albert W. Tucker, Diane Williams, Bill Williamson, and the Research Board of the University of Leicester. I should be delighted to receive comments from readers, indicating their reactions to the final product.
Andrew M. Colman
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